African Legends: Léopold Sédar Senghor

African Legends: Léopold Sédar Senghor

African Legends: Léopold Sédar Senghor First president of Senegal, acclaimed poet, writer, teacher and statesman. Co-founder of African philoso

Bisi Onasanya Wins GENESIS Magazine CEO of the Year 2015
Otunba Subomi Balogun : Giving is Living
Cuisine Africana: Senegalese Cuisines

African Legends: Léopold Sédar Senghor

225px-Léopold_Sédar_Senghor

First president of Senegal, acclaimed poet, writer, teacher and statesman. Co-founder of African philosophical movement known as ‘Negritude’, the black consciousness movement of the French-speaking world. The negritude then posited that, while white people excelled at rational thought, blacks possessed superior intuitive powers. The idea of négritude informed not only Senghor’s cultural criticism and literary work, but also became a guiding principle for his political thought in his career as a statesman. Senghor worked assiduously ensuring the transition of his West African country from colony to respectful independence.

Léopold Sédar Senghor was born in Joal, Afrique Occidentale Française (French West Africa now Republic of Senegal), to a Serer (third largest ethnic group in Senegal) Father and Roman Catholic mother. He initially wanted to become a priest and attended a seminary, but at the age of 20 he decided that he would rather teach and relocated to a college in Dakar. In 1928 Senghor traveled to Paris to continue his studies on a partial scholarship.

Léopold Senghor became the first black African to become an agrégé, the top qualification for a teacher in the French education system, and became a professor of African languages and civilization at the École Nationale de la France d’Outre-Mer.

In 1939, Senghor was enrolled as a French army enlisted man (2ème Classe) with the rank of private within the 59th Colonial Infantry division in spite of his higher education and his later acquisition of the French Citizenship in 1932. A year later in 1940, during the German invasion of France, he was taken prisoner by the Germans in la Charité-sur-Loire. He was interned in different camps, and finally at Front Stalag 230, in Poitiers. Front Stalag 230 was reserved for colonial troops captured during the war. German soldiers wanted to execute him and the others the same day they were captured, but they escaped this fate by yelling Vive la France, vive l’Afrique noire! (“Long live France, long live Black Africa!”) A French officer told the soldiers that executing the African prisoners would dishonour the Aryan race and the German Army. In total, Senghor spent two years in different prison camps, where he spent most of his time writing poems. In 1942 he was released for medical reasons. After his release he joined the Resistance movement in France.

After World War II Senghor pursued a career in politics, entering the French National Assembly as one of Senegal’s two deputies in 1946. In 1948 he founded the Union Progressiste Sénégalaise (UPS, Senegalese Progressive Union). When Senegal achieved independence in 1960, Senghor was elected its first president. He retired from the presidency on 31 December 1980.

Senghor attempted to modernize Senegal, worked against corruption and engaged the international community. He introduced a One-Party State in 1966, but restored multi-party democracy in 1978. Although a socialist, Senghor avoided the Marxist and anti-Western ideology that had become popular in post-colonial Africa, favouring the maintenance of close ties with France and the western world. This is seen by many as a contributing factor to Senegal’s political stability: it remains one of the few African nations never to have had a coup, and always to have had a peaceful transfer of power.

Senghor was twice married, first was to Ginette Eboue. His second wife, Colette Hubert, (French) became Senegal’s first First Lady upon independence in 1960. Senghor had three sons between his two marriages.

Senghor retired to France, became the first black African member of the French Academy in 1984, and published his memoir, Ce que je crois: négritude, francité, et civilisation de l’universel (‘That Which I Believe: Negritude, Frenchness, and Universal Civilization’) in 1988.

Senghor received several honours in the course of his life. He was made Grand-Croix of the Légion d’honneur, Grand-Croix of the l’Ordre national du Mérite, commander of arts and letters. He also received academic palms and the Grand-Croix of the l’Ordre du lion du Sénégal. His war exploits earned him the medal of Reconnaissance Franco-alliée 1939–1945 and the combattant cross 1939–1945. He was named honorary doctor of thirty-seven universities. Senghor received the Commemorative Medal of the 2500th Anniversary of the founding of the Persian Empire on 14 October 1971. On 13 November 1978, he received the Collar of the Order of Isabella the Catholic of Spain. In 1983 he was awarded the Dr. Leopold Lucas Prize by the University of Tübingen.” The French Language International University in Alexandria was officially open in 1990 and was named after him. The airport of Dakar was renamed Aéroport International Léopold Sédar Senghor in 1996, on his 90th birthday. The Passerelle Solférino in Paris was renamed after him in 2006, on the centenary of his birth.

He died at Verson, France, on 20 December 2001.  He is regarded by many as one of the most important African intellectuals of the 20th century.

COMMENTS

WORDPRESS: 102
  • Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you penning this write-up and the rest of the site is really good.

  • It is really a nice and useful piece of info. I am happy that you shared this helpful info with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  • wow, awesome article.Really thank you! Really Cool.

  • This piece of writing on the topic of SEO provides clear idea for new SEO people that how to do Search engine optimization, so keep it up. Good work

  • Your kindness will be drastically appreciated.

  • What as up, I read your blogs like every week. Your humoristic style is witty, keep up the good work!

  • Im thankful for the blog article.Really looking forward to read more.

  • Really informative blog.Thanks Again. Really Cool.

  • You ave made some really good points there. I checked on the net to learn more about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this website.

  • Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I ave truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. After all I will be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again soon!

  • Where can I locate without charge images?. Which images are typically careful free?. When is it ok to insert a picture on or after a website?.

  • This website definitely has all of the information I wanted about this subject and didn at know who to ask.

  • You ave made some good points there. I looked on the net for more

  • You completed several nice points there. I did a search on the theme and found the majority of folks will consent with your blog.

  • This is very interesting, You are a very skilled blogger. I have joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your great post. Also, I have shared your website in my social networks!

  • This unique blog is really entertaining additionally diverting. I have picked a lot of interesting things out of this source. I ad love to go back again and again. Thanks a bunch!

  • Major thankies for the blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Really Cool.

  • Thanks for sharing, this is a fantastic blog article.Really thank you! Much obliged.

  • There are so many choices out there that I am completely confused..

  • It as best to participate in a contest for probably the greatest blogs on the web. I will recommend this site!

  • I simply could not leave your site prior to suggesting that I extremely loved the usual information an individual supply to your guests? Is gonna be back incessantly in order to inspect new posts

  • What as up Dear, are you really visiting this website daily, if so afterward you will without doubt obtain pleasant know-how.

  • It as really a nice and helpful piece of info. I am glad that you shared this useful info with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  • Im thankful for the article post.Much thanks again.

  • sites on the net. I will recommend this web site!

  • poker bonuses What are the norms of copyright of web content? How as it different from Patent?

  • Whoa! This blog looks just like my old one! It as on a entirely different subject but it has pretty much the same page layout and design. Wonderful choice of colors!

  • very couple of internet sites that occur to become detailed below, from our point of view are undoubtedly properly worth checking out

  • I truly appreciate this blog article. Fantastic.

  • Thanks for the blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Really Great.

  • Loving the info on this web site, you may have carried out outstanding job on the website posts.

  • If some one wants expert view concerning running

  • Thanks again for the article.Much thanks again. Will read on

  • There as certainly a great deal to learn about this issue. I really like all the points you ave made.

  • Nice Page , guys! Rewarding Infos aswell. Bookmarked

  • Really enjoyed this article. Keep writing.

  • There as certainly a great deal to find out about this topic. I really like all of the points you made.

  • I wanted to thank you for this fantastic article, I certainly loved each and every small bit of it. I ave bookmarked your internet site to look at the latest stuff you post.

  • Very good blog post. I certainly love this website. Continue the good work!

  • Morbi commodo dapibus sem risus tristique neque

  • you ave an amazing blog right here! would you wish to make some invite posts on my weblog?

  • This web site really has all the information and facts I needed concerning this subject and didn at know who to ask. |

  • I truly appreciate this blog post.Much thanks again. Awesome.

  • I really liked your post.Much thanks again. Really Great.

  • This is one awesome article.Thanks Again. Much obliged.

  • I think, what is it аАа’аАТ‚б‚Т€Т a false way. And from it it is necessary to turn off.

  • This very blog is obviously cool as well as factual. I have picked up helluva helpful advices out of this blog. I ad love to visit it again and again. Thanks!

  • Thanks-a-mundo for the article post. Want more.

  • You have made some really good points there. I checked on the web to learn more about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this website.

  • Welcome to Affordable Auto Body CARSTAR Auto Body Repair Experts Franklin, WI

  • Purely mostly since you will discover a lot

  • Your style is really unique in comparison to other people I ave read stuff from. I appreciate you for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I will just bookmark this page.

  • Im thankful for the article post.Much thanks again. Will read on

  • I simply could not depart your website prior to suggesting that I extremely loved the usual information a person provide in your guests? Is going to be back regularly to check up on new posts.

  • uvb treatment What are the laws on republishing newspaper articles in a book? Are there copyright issues?

  • Really enjoyed this blog.Really looking forward to read more. Will read on

  • value. But, with the increased revenue will come the

  • the excellent information you have here on this post. I am returning to your web site for more soon.

  • This awesome blog is no doubt entertaining additionally informative. I have chosen helluva handy tips out of this blog. I ad love to visit it over and over again. Thanks a lot!

  • Whispering Misty So sorry you all miss the workshop!

  • Only wanna say that this is very useful, Thanks for taking your time to write this.

  • Very nice article and straight to the point. I don at know if this is actually the best place to ask but do you folks have any thoughts on where to employ some professional writers? Thanks

  • Yay google is my world beater assisted me to find this outstanding web site !.

  • It as not that I want to replicate your web-site, but I really like the design. Could you tell me which theme are you using? Or was it custom made?

  • Thank you ever so for you blog article.Thanks Again.

  • Practical goal rattling great with English on the other hand find this rattling leisurely to translate.

  • Wow! Thank you! I continually wanted to write on my website something like that. Can I take a fragment of your post to my site?

  • Thanks for the blog article.Much thanks again. Really Cool.

  • Looking forward to reading more. Great article post.Really looking forward to read more. Really Great.

  • Im obliged for the blog post.Really looking forward to read more. Keep writing.

  • Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that I have really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!

  • Say, you got a nice article post.Thanks Again. Fantastic.

  • I was able to find good advice from your blog articles.

  • some genuinely select blog posts on this website , saved to favorites.

  • Many thanks for sharing this good post. Very interesting ideas! (as always, btw)

  • Very good write-up. I absolutely love this site. Keep it up!

  • You have a very good layout for your blog i want it to use on my web page too

  • You made some decent points there. I looked on the internet for the topic and found most individuals will consent with your blog.

  • Thanks so much for the blog article.Thanks Again. Great.

  • Thanks so much for the post.Much thanks again. Great.

  • Some truly prime blog posts on this internet site , saved to favorites.

  • There is definately a lot to find out about this topic. I love all the points you made.

  • This site is the best. You have a new fan! I can at wait for the next update, saved!

  • Wonderful, what a weblog it is! This weblog provides valuable information to us,
    keep it up.

  • This site certainly has all of the info I wanted concerning
    this subject and didn’t know who to ask.

  • Have you ever considered about including a little bit more than just your articles?
    I mean, what you say is valuable and everything. However think about if you added some great images or videos to give your
    posts more, “pop”! Your content is excellent but with pics and clips,
    this site could definitely be one of the very best in its niche.
    Amazing blog!

  • I simply want to tell you that I am all new to blogs and certainly enjoyed your web-site. Most likely I’m going to bookmark your blog . You actually have excellent writings. Thanks for sharing your website.

  • Attractive element of content. I just stumbled upon your website and in accession capital to say that I get
    in fact enjoyed account your weblog posts. Anyway I’ll be
    subscribing on your feeds and even I fulfillment you get
    admission to persistently rapidly.

  • Thanks for sharing this sort of pleasant thinking, paragraph
    is fastidious, thats why we have read it entirely

  • Highly energetic article, I liked that bit. Will
    there be considered a part 2?

  • Valuable information. Fortunate me I found your site
    by accident, and I’m stunned why this accident did not took place earlier!
    I bookmarked it.

  • I am actually grateful towards the holder of the web site who
    may have shared this great post at currently.

  • Thanks for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it.
    Look advanced to more added agreeable of your stuff! Furthermore,
    how could we communicate?

  • I was able to find good info from your content.

  • You need to take part in a contest first of
    the greatest blogs on the web. I’m likely to
    strongly suggest this web site!

  • Hello! I really could have sworn I’ve visited your website before but after going through a lot of the articles I
    realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m certainly delighted I discovered it
    and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back regularly!

  • Wow, this article is fastidious, my younger sister is analyzing such things, therefore I am going to let know
    her.

  • Tremendous things here. I’m very glad to see your post.

    Thanks a lot and I am taking a look forward to touch you.
    Will you kindly drop me a e-mail?

  • If some one needs expert view concerning managing a blog then i propose him/her to pay a simple visit this weblog, Continue the
    good work.

  • Excellent, what a webpage it is! This weblog gives helpful data to us, keep it up.

  • I am extremely inspired with your writing abilities as smartly as with the
    layout for your weblog. Is this a paid topic or did you customize it yourself?
    Either way stay up the nice quality writing, it’s uncommon to look a great weblog like this one these days..

  • I every time emailed this web site post page to all my contacts, for the reason that if like to read it afterward my contacts will too.|

  • DISQUS: 0